KVS PGT Computer Science Syllabus

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The most recent notification from the Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS) contains information about the KVS PGT Computer Science Syllabus. Candidates who intend to fill out an application for the KVS PGT Computer Science Exam must be completely familiar with the syllabus in order to pass the examination. KVS modified the PGT CS syllabus this year.

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Part I - Proficiency in Languages (20 marks):

(a) General English (10 questions)

Reading comprehension, word power, Grammar & usage

(b) General Hindi (10 questions)

पठन कौशल, शब्द सामर्थ्य, व्याकरण एवं प्रयुक्ति


Part II - General Awareness, Reasoning & Proficiency in Computers (20 marks):

(a) General Awareness& Current Affairs (10 questions)

(b) Reasoning Ability (5 questions)

(c) Computer Literacy (5 questions)


Part III -Perspectives on Education and Leadership (40 marks):

(a) Understanding the Learner( 15 questions)

  • Concept of growth, maturation and development, principles and debates of development, development tasks and challenges
  • Domains of Development: Physical, Cognitive, Socio-emotional, Moral, etc ., deviations in development and its implications.
  • Understanding Adolescence: Needs, challenges and implications for designing institutional support.
  • Role of Primary and Secondary Socialization agencies. Ensuring Home school continuity.


(b) Understanding Teaching Learning (15 questions)

Theoretical perspectives on Learning -Behaviorism, Cognitivism, and Constructivismoith special reference to their implications for:

  1. The role of the teacher 
  2. The role of the learner 
  3. Nature of teacher-student relationship 
  4. Choice of teaching methods 
  5. Classroom environment 
  6. Understanding of discipline, power, etc.


Factors affecting learning and their implications for:

  1. Designing classroom instructions, 
  2. Planning student activities and, 
  3. Creating learning spaces in the school.


Planning and Organization of Teaching-Learning

  1. Concept of Syllabus and Curriculum, Overt and Hidden Curriculum, Principles of curriculum organization 
  2. Competency-based Education, Experiential learning, etc. 
  3. Instructional Plans: -Year Plan, Unit Plan, Lesson Plan 
  4. Instructional material and resources
  5. Information and Communication Technology(ICT) for teaching-learning 
  6. Evaluation: Purpose, types, and limitations. Continuous, and Comprehensive Evaluation, Characteristics of a good tool.
  7. Assessment of learning, for learning and as learning: Meaning, purpose, and considerations in planning each.


Enhancing Teaching Learning processes: Classroom Observation and Feedback, Reflections, and Dialogues as a means of constructivist teaching


(c) Creating Conducive Learning Environment (04 questions)

  • The concepts of Diversity, disability, and Inclusion, implications of disability as a social construct, types of disabilities-their identification and interventions
  • Concept of School Mental Health, addressing the curative, preventive, and promotive dimensions of mental health for all students and staff. Provisioning for guidance and counseling.
  • Developing School and community as a learning resource.


(d) School Organization and Leadership (04 questions)

  • Leader as a reflective practitioner, team builder, initiator, coach,, and mentor.
  • Perspectives on School Leadership: instructional, distributed and transformative
  • Vision building, goal setting, and creating a School Development Plan
  • Using School Processes and forums for strengthening teaching learning-Annual Calendar, time-tabling, parent-teacher forums, school assembly, teacher development forums, using achievement data for improving teaching-learning, School Self Assessment, and Improvement
  • Creating partnerships with the community, industry, and other neighboring schools and Higher Education Institutes - forming learning communities


(e) Perspectives in Education (02 questions)

  • NEP-2020: Curriculum and Pedagogy in Schools: Holistic & Integrated Learning; Equitable and Inclusive Education: Learning for All; Competency-based learning and Education.
  • Guiding Principles for Child Rights, Protecting and provisioning for rights of children to safe and secure school environment, Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009,
  • Historically studying the National Policies in education with special reference to school education;
  • School Curriculum Principles: Perspective, Learning, and Knowledge, Curricular Areas, School Stages, Pedagogy, and Assessment.


Part IV  (100 marks)

The subject-specific syllabus includes the concepts of the NCERT/CBSE syllabus and Text Books (Classes XI & XII), however, the questions will be testing the depth of understanding and application of these concepts at the level of Post- Graduation.


Computer Systems and Organisation

  Basic Computer Organisation: Introduction to the computer system, hardware, software, input device, output device, CPU, memory (primary, cache, and secondary), units of memory (Bit, Byte, KB, MB, GB, TB, PB)

  Types of software: system software (operating systems, system utilities, device drivers), programming tools and language translators (assembler, compiler & interpreter), application software

  Operating system (OS): functions of the operating system, OS user interface

  Boolean logic: NOT, AND, OR, NAND, NOR, XOR, truth table, De Morgan’s laws, and logic circuits

  Number system: Binary, Octal, Decimal, and Hexadecimal number system; conversion between number systems.

  Encoding schemes: ASCII, ISCII, and UNICODE (UTF8, UTF32)



Computational Thinking and Programming

  Introduction to problem-solving: Steps for problem-solving (analyzing the problem, developing an algorithm, coding, testing, and debugging). representation of algorithms using flow chart and pseudo code, decomposition

  Familiarization with the basics of Python programming: Introduction to Python, features of Python, executing a simple "hello world" program, execution modes: interactive mode and script mode, Python character set, Python tokens (keyword, identifier, literal, operator,

punctuator), variables, the concept of L-value and R-value, use of comments

  Knowledge of data types: number (integer, floating point, complex), boolean, sequence (string, list, tuple), none, mapping (dictionary), mutable and immutable data types

  Operators: arithmetic operators, relational operators, logical operators, assignment operators, augmented assignment operators, identity operators (is, is not), membership operators (in, not in)

  Expressions, statement, type conversion & input/output: precedence of operators, expression, evaluation of the expression, python statement, type conversion (explicit & implicit conversion), accepting data as input from the console and displaying output

  Errors: syntax errors, logical errors, runtime errors

  Flow of control: introduction, use of indentation, sequential flow, conditional and iterative flow control

  Conditional statements: if, if-else, if-elif-else, flowcharts, simple programs: e.g.: absolute value, sort 3 numbers and divisibility of a number

  Iterative statements: for loop, range function, while loop, flowcharts, break and continue statements, nested loops, suggested programs: generating pattern, summation of series, finding the factorial of a positive number, etc

  Strings: introduction, indexing, string operations (concatenation, repetition, membership & slicing), traversing a string using loops, built-in functions: len(), capitalize(), title(), lower(), upper(), count(), find(), index(), endswith(), startswith(), isalnum(), isalpha(), isdigit(), islower(), isupper(), isspace(), lstrip(), rstrip(), strip(), replace(), join(), partition(), split()

  Lists: introduction, indexing, list operations (concatenation, repetition, membership & slicing), traversing a list using loops, built-in functions: len(), list(), append(), extend(), insert(), count(), index(), remove(), pop(), reverse(), sort(), sorted(), min(), max(), sum(); nested lists, suggested programs: finding the maximum, minimum, mean of numeric values stored in a list; linear search on the list of numbers and counting the frequency of elements in a list

  Tuples: introduction, indexing, tuple operations (concatenation, repetition, membership & slicing), built-in functions: len(), tuple(), count(), index(), sorted(), min(), max(), sum(); tuple assignment, nested tuple, suggested programs: finding the minimum, maximum, mean of values stored in a tuple; linear search on a tuple of numbers, counting the frequency of elements in a tuple

  Dictionary: introduction, accessing items in a dictionary using keys, the mutability of dictionary (adding a new item, modifying an existing item), traversing a dictionary, built-in functions: len(), dict(), keys(), values(), items(), get(), update(), del(), clear(), fromkeys(), copy(), pop(), popitem(), setdefault(), max(), min(), count(), sorted(), copy(); suggested programs : count the number of times a character appears in a given string using a dictionary, create a dictionary with names of employees, their salary and access them

  Introduction to Python modules: Importing module using 'import ' and using from statement, Importing math module (pi, e, sqrt, ceil, floor, pow, fabs, sin, cos, tan); random module

(random, randint, randrange), statistics module (mean, median, mode)


Society, Law, and Ethics

  Digital Footprints

  Digital society and Netizen: net etiquettes, communication etiquettes, social media etiquettes

  Data protection: Intellectual Property Rights (copyright, patent, trademark), violation of IPR (plagiarism, copyright infringement, trademark infringement), open source software and licensing (Creative Commons, GPL, and Apache)

  Cyber-crime: definition, hacking, eavesdropping, phishing and fraud emails, ransomware, preventing cybercrime

  Cyber safety: safely browsing the web, identity protection, confidentiality, cyber trolls, and bullying.

  Safely accessing websites: malware, viruses, trojans, adware

  E-waste management: proper disposal of used electronic gadgets

  Indian Information Technology Act (IT Act)

  Technology & Society: Gender and disability issues while teaching and using computers


Computational Thinking and Programming – 2

  Functions: types of function (built-in functions, functions defined in module, user-defined functions), creating user-defined function, arguments, and parameters, default parameters, positional parameters, a function returning value(s), the flow of execution, the scope of a variable (global scope, local scope)

  Introduction to files, types of files (Text file, Binary file, CSV file), relative and absolute paths

  Text file: opening a text file, text file open modes (r, r+, w, w+, a, a+), closing a text file, opening a file using with clause, writing/appending data to a text file using write() and writelines(), reading from a text file using read(), readline() and readlines(), seek and tell methods, manipulation of data in a text file

  Binary file: basic operations on a binary file: open using file open modes (rb, rb+, wb, wb+, ab, ab+), close a binary file, import pickle module, dump() and load() method, read, write/create, search, append and update operations in a binary file

  CSV file: import csv module, open / close csv file, write into a csv file using csv.writerow() and read from a csv file using csv.reader( )


Computer Networks

  Evolution of networking: introduction to computer networks, the evolution of networking (ARPANET, NSFNET, INTERNET)

  Data communication terminologies: the concept of communication, components of data communication (sender, receiver, message, communication media, protocols), measuring capacity of communication media (bandwidth, data transfer rate), IP address, switching techniques (Circuit switching, Packet switching)

  Transmission media: Wired communication media (Twisted pair cable, Co-axial cable, Fiberoptic cable), Wireless media (Radio waves, Microwaves, Infrared waves)

  Network devices (Modem, Ethernet card, RJ45, Repeater, Hub, Switch, Router, Gateway, WIFI card)

  Network topologies and Network types: types of networks (PAN, LAN, MAN, WAN), networking topologies (Bus, Star, Tree)

  Network protocol: HTTP, FTP, PPP, SMTP, TCP/IP, POP3, HTTPS, TELNET, VoIP, wireless/mobile communication protocol such as GSM, GPRS and WLL

  Introduction to web services: WWW, Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML), Extensible Markup Language (XML), domain names, URL, website, web browser, web servers, web hosting


Database Management

  Database concepts: introduction to database concepts and its need

  Relational data model: relation, attribute, tuple, domain, degree, cardinality, keys (candidate key, primary key, alternate key, foreign key)

  Structured Query Language: introduction, Data Definition Language and Data Manipulation Language, data type (char(n), varchar(n), int, float, date), constraints (not null, unique, primary key), create a database, use a database, show databases, drop the database, show tables, create the table, describe the table, alter table (add and remove an attribute, add and remove primary key), drop table, insert, delete, select, operators (mathematical, relational and logical), aliasing, distinct clause, where clause, in, between, order by, the meaning of null, is null, is not null, like, update command, delete command, aggregate functions (max, min, avg, sum, count), group

by, having clause, joins: cartesian product on two tables, equi-join and natural join

  Interface of python with an SQL database: connecting SQL with Python, performing insert, update, and delete queries using the cursor, displaying data by using fetchone(), fetchall(), rowcount, creating database connectivity applications


Introduction to Computer System

  Introduction to computers and computing: evolution of computing devices, components of a computer system and their interconnections, Input/Output devices.

  Computer Memory: Units of memory, types of memory – primary and secondary, data deletion, its recovery, and related security concerns. Software: purpose and types – system and application software, generic and specific purpose software.


Introduction to Python

  Basics of Python programming, Python interpreter - interactive and script mode, the structure of a program, indentation, identifiers, keywords, constants, variables, types of operators, precedence of operators, data types, mutable and immutable data types, statements, expressions, evaluation of expressions, comments, input, and output statements, data type conversion, debugging, control statements: if-else, for loop Lists: list operations - creating, initializing, traversing and manipulating lists, list methods and built-in functions.: len(), list(), append(), extend(), insert(), count(), find(), remove(), pop(), reverse(), sort(), sorted(), min(), max(), sum()

  Dictionary: concept of key-value pair, creating, initializing, traversing, updating and deleting elements, dictionary methods and built-in functions: len(), dict(), keys(), values(), items(), get(), update(), clear(), del()


Database concepts and the Structured Query Language

  Database Concepts: Introduction to database concepts and its need, Database Management System. Relational data model: concept of the attribute, domain, tuple, relation, candidate key, primary key, alternate key, and foreign key.

  Advantages of using Structured Query Language, Data Definition Language, Data Query Language, and Data Manipulation Language, Introduction to MySQL, creating a database using MySQL, Data Types

  Definition Commands: CREATE TABLE

  Data Query Commands: SELECT-FROM- WHERE

  Data Manipulation Commands: INSERT


Emerging Trends

Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Natural Language Processing, Immersive experience (AR, VR), Robotics, Big data and its characteristics, Internet of Things (IoT), Sensors, Smart Cities, Cloud Computing, and Cloud Services (SaaS, IaaS, PaaS); Grid Computing, Blockchain technology.


Data Handling using Pandas

  Introduction to Python libraries- Pandas, Matplotlib.

  Data structures in Pandas - Series and Data Frames.

  Series: Creation of Series from – ndarray, dictionary, scalar value; mathematical operations; Head and Tail functions; Selection, Indexing, and Slicing.

  Data Frames: creation - from the dictionary of Series, list of dictionaries, Text/CSV files; display; iteration; Operations on rows and columns: add, select, delete, rename; Head and Tail functions; Indexing using Labels, Boolean Indexing;

  Importing/Exporting Data between CSV files and Data Frames.

  Data Visualization Purpose of plotting; drawing and saving the following types of plots using Matplotlib – line plot, bar graph, histogram Customizing plots: adding labels, title, and legends in plots



Database Query using SQL

  Math functions: POWER (), ROUND (), MOD ().

  Text functions: UCASE ()/UPPER (), LCASE ()/LOWER (), MID ()/SUBSTRING ()/SUBSTR (), LENGTH (), LEFT (), RIGHT (), INSTR (), LTRIM (), RTRIM (), TRIM ().

  Date Functions: NOW (), DATE (), MONTH (), MONTHNAME (), YEAR (), DAY (), DAYNAME ().

  Aggregate Functions: MAX (), MIN (), AVG (), SUM (), COUNT (); using COUNT (*).

  Querying and manipulating data using Group by, Having, Order by.


Introduction to Computer Networks

  Introduction to networks, Types of networks: LAN, MAN, WAN. Network Devices: modem, hub, switch, repeater, router, gateway Network Topologies: Star, Bus, Tree, Mesh.

  Introduction to Internet, URL, WWW, and its applications- Web, email, Chat, VoIP.

  Website: Introduction, the difference between a website and a webpage, static vs dynamic web page, web server, and hosting of a website.

  Web Browsers: Introduction, commonly used browsers, browser settings, add-ons and plugins, cookies.


Societal Impacts

  Digital footprint, net and communication etiquettes, data protection, intellectual property rights (IPR), plagiarism, licensing and copyright, free and open source software (FOSS), cybercrime and cyber laws, hacking, phishing, cyberbullying, an overview of Indian IT Act.

  E-waste: hazards and management.

  Awareness about health concerns related to the usage of technology.



Part V- Interview and Demo Teaching


The Professional Competency Test (Demo Teaching and Interview), is 60 marks. The weightage of the Written Test & Professional Competency Test ( Demo Teaching and Interview) will be in the ratio of 70:30.

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